Ecotoxicity of Pore Water in Meadow Soils Affected by Historical Spills of Arsenic-Rich Tailings
Agnieszka Dradrach , Katarzyna Szopka , Anna Karczewska
AbstractThis study was carried out in Złoty Stok, a historical centre of gold and arsenic mining. Two kinds of soil material, containing 5020 and 8000 mg/kg As, represented a floodplain meadow flooded in the past by tailings spills and a dry meadow developed on the plateau built of pure tailings, respectively. The effects of soil treatment with a cattle manure and mineral fertilizers were examined in an incubation experiment. Soil pore water was collected after 2, 7, 21, 90, and 270 days, using MacroRhizon samplers and analyzed on As concentrations and toxicity, and assessed in three bioassays: Microtox, the Microbial Assay for Risk Assessment (MARA), and Phytotox, with Sinapis alba as a test plant. In all samples, As concentrations were above 4.5 mg/L. Fertilization with manure caused an intensive release of As, and its concentration in pore water of floodplain soil reached 81.8 mg/L. Mineral fertilization caused a release of As only from the pure tailings soil. The results of bioassays, particularly of Phytotox and MARA, correlated well with As concentrations, while Microtox indices depended additionally on other factors. Very high toxicity was associated with As > 20 mg/L. Despite an effect of “aging”, pore water As remained at the level of several mg/L, causing a potential environmental risk.
|Journal series||Minerals, ISSN 2075-163X, (N/A 100 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.55|
|Keywords in English||mining; arsenic; tailings; Złoty Stok; MacroRhizon; fertilization; manure; Microtox; MARA; Phytotox|
|License||Journal (articles only); published final; ; with publication|
|Score||= 100.0, 14-04-2021, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 2; = 1; : 2016 = 1.229; : 2018 = 2.25 (2) - 2018=2.453 (5)|
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