Removal of Composite Restoration from the Root Surface in the Cervical Region Using Er: YAG Laser and Drill—In Vitro Study
Wojciech Zakrzewski , Maciej Dobrzyński , Piotr Kuropka , Jacek Matys , Małgorzata Małecka , Jan Kiryk , Zbigniew Rybak , Marzena Dominiak , Kinga Grzech-Lesniak , Katarzyna Wiglusz , Rafal J. Wiglusz
AbstractBackground: Recently, the defects of the tooth surface in the cervical region are often restored using composite filling materials. It should meet the needs of the patients regarding esthetics and material stability. The aim of the study was to analyze the tooth root surface at the cervical region after the removal of the composite filling material by means of the Erbium-doped Yttrium Aluminium Garnet (Er: YAG) laser or drill using the scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and fluorescence microscopy. Materials and Methods: For the purposes of this study, 14 premolar teeth (n = 14) were removed due to orthodontic reasons. The rectangular shape cavities with 3 mm in width and 1.5 mm in height were prepared with a 0.8 mm bur on high-speed contra-angle in the tooth surface just below cemento-enamel junction (CEJ) and filled with the composite material. The composite material was removed with the Er: YAG laser at a power of 3.4 W, energy 170 mJ, frequency 20 Hz, pulse duration 300 μs, tip diameter 0.8 mm, air/fluid cooling 3 mL/s, and time of irradiation: 6 sec, at a distance from teeth of 2 mm (G1 group, n = 7) or a high-speed contra-angle bur (G2 group, n = 7). After the removal of composite material, the surfaces of teeth were examined using the scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and fluorescence microscopy. Results: The Er: YAG irradiation allowed to remove completely the composite material from the tooth cavity. The study confirmed, that the ends of collagen fibers were only partially denatured after the Er: YAG laser application. Conclusion: It has been proved that using the Er: YAG laser is an effective and safe method of composite removal for the dentin surface.
|Journal series||Materials, ISSN 1996-1944, (N/A 140 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Keywords in English||cervical root surface; Er: YAG laser; laser ablation; smear layer; vaporization|
|License||Journal (articles only); author's original; ; after publication|
|Score||= 140.0, 14-09-2020, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||: 2017 = 1.285; : 2018 = 2.972 (2) - 2018=3.532 (5)|
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