Small rodents – permanent reservoirs of toxocarosis in different habitats of Slovakia
K. Reiterová , D. Antolová , Grzegorz Zaleśny , M. Stanko , S. Špilovská , L. Mošanský
AbstractSummary: The study aimed to estimate the role of small rodents in the circulation of larval toxocarosis in light of their different habitats. From 2005 to 2008, a total of 1523 small rodents, belonging to 11 species, were captured in 5 different habitats of Slovakia. Anti-Toxocara antibodies were detected in 6. 6 % animals. The dominant reservoirs of toxocarosis were striped-field mouse Apodemus agrarius (11. 7 %) and mound-building mouse Mus spicilegus (10. 7 %), while the seropositivity of voles was low. Sexually active adults were infected more frequently (10. 8%) in comparison with inactive ones (5. 2 %). According to habitats, seroprevalence of toxocarosis in windbreaks (2. 4 %) was significantly lower (p < 0. 05) than in agrocoenoses (6. 7 %), alluvia (8. 5 %) and ecotones (7. 5 %). Log-linear analysis performed in A. agrarius indicates that type of habitat and sexual activity affect the seropositivity to Toxocara infection. The highest seroprevalence was observed in alluvium (21. 2 %) while the lowest in windbreak (1. 8 %) (χ2 = 17. 232, p < 0. 001) and sexually active mice were characterised by 22. 5 % and sexually inactive by 6. 4 % seroprevalence (χ2 = 30. 634, p < 0. 001). The occurrence pattern of toxocarosis in small rodents suggests that they are permanent reservoirs for Toxocara spp. in nature and significant indicators of Toxocara egg contamination in environs. © 2013 Versita Warsaw and Springer-Verlag Wien.
|Journal series||Helminthologia, ISSN 0440-6605, (A 20 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Keywords in English||Toxocara spp; Small rodents; Reservoir; Habitat|
|Score|| = 20.0, 25-03-2020, ArticleFromJournal|
= 20.0, 25-03-2020, ArticleFromJournal
|Publication indicators||= 4; = 5; : 2013 = 0.749; : 2013 = 0.776 (2) - 2013=0.779 (5)|
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