Physicochemical properties of dried apple slices: Impact of osmo-dehydration, sonication, and drying methods
Joanna Cichowska-Bogusz , Adam Figiel , Angel Carbonell-Barrachina , Marta Pasławska , Dorota Witrowa-Rajcher
AbstractApple slices of the Elise variety were previously osmo-dehydrated in erythritol, xylitol, and sucrose for 2 h. In some parts of the experiment, 30 min of ultrasound pre-treatment (US) were applied. Afterwards, fruit samples were dried by convective (CD), microwave-vacuum (VM), and a combined method (CD/VM, mix two of them). The main aim of the research was to characterize an impact of osmotic dehydration, sonication pre-treatment, and drying method on the physicochemical properties of the dried apples. The use of sugar alcohols (xylitol, erythritol) in the production of dried apples did not badly affect the taste of the obtained dried products; it enabled a noticeable cooling/refreshing effect felt in the mouth when consuming a snack, and enabled the production of dried snacks with lower calorific value. Polyol residues in the product were at a level that was safe for consumers. The most popular convective drying was long lasting, whereas the VM drying method allowed for the shortest drying time, amounting to 76 min; moreover, additional application of ultrasounds reduced this time to 36 min. The combined drying method allowed the total duration of the process to be reduced 2–4.5 times. Ultrasound applied during osmotic dehydration did not significantly affect attributes of the descriptive sensory analysis for the obtained dried apples. The best hygroscopic properties, ensuring the storage stability of the dried product, showed dried apples previously osmo-dehydrated in erythritol and sucrose solutions.
|Journal series||Molecules, ISSN 1420-3049, (N/A 100 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.95|
|Keywords in English||Chemical analysis; Color; Convective drying; Hygroscopic properties; Sensory analysis; Vacuum-microwave drying|
|License||Journal (articles only); published final; ; with publication|
|Score||= 100.0, 03-07-2020, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 0; = 0; : 2017 = 1.146; : 2018 = 3.06 (2) - 2018=3.38 (5)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.