Analysis of the lifetime and culling reasons for AI boars
Damian Knecht , Anna Jankowska-Mąkosa , Kamil Duziński
AbstractBackground: The aim of the study was to analyze the lifetime and culling reasons for boars used in insemination centers (AI centers). Methods: The data collected from 355 culled boars from 1998 to 2013 included: age at start of semen collection, boar herd life, culling reason, daily gain and lean meat content, and number of ejaculates not meeting sales requirements after dilution. Culling reasons were divided into 7 groups: low semen value (LSV), low or lack of libido (LL), leg problems (LP), infectious diseases (ID), old age (OA), reduced demand for semen from the given boar (RD), and others (OT). Results: The most common culling reasons for boars were LSV (23.7 and RD (22.5. It was observed that the lowest daily gains were noted in boars culled due to OA. Boars culled due to OA and RD were maintained in production for the longest time (over 1000 d), for LSV and ID retention was about 700 d, and due to LL below 400 d. The survival probability was over 0.9 until 1.5 yr, and just over 0.2 until 4 yr. The highest relative frequency was observed in the 36th and 42nd mo of life (over 16. Hazard risk analysis revealed a more than 10 times higher risk of culling in the case of LL, ID or OT, in comparison to OA. Conclusions: The results can be used as a direct point of reference for the identification of emerging problems in AI boar exploitation and the development of an appropriate culling policy in AI centers.
|Journal series||Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology, ISSN 2049-1891, (A 40 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Keywords in English||AI centers; Boars; Culling; Exploitation; Management|
|ASJC Classification||; ; ;|
|Internal identifier||63300; PX-594bb1a9d5de1381dd2e6f8a|
|License||Journal (articles only); published final; ; with publication|
|Score||= 40.0, 22-09-2020, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 0; = 0; : 2017 = 1.734; : 2017 = 3.205 (2) - 2017=3.191 (5)|
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