Evaluation metrics and validation of presence-only species distribution models based on distributional maps with varying coverage
Kamil Konowalik , Agata Nosol
AbstractWe examine how different datasets, including georeferenced hardcopy maps of different extents and georeferenced herbarium specimens (spanning the range from 100 to 85,000 km2) influence ecological niche modeling. We check 13 of the available environmental niche modeling algorithms, using 30 metrics to score their validity and evaluate which are useful for the selection of the best model. The validation is made using an independent dataset comprised of presences and absences collected in a range-wide field survey of Carpathian endemic plant Leucanthemum rotundifolium (Compositae). Our analysis of models’ predictive performances indicates that almost all datasets may be used for the construction of a species distributional range. Both very local and very general datasets can produce useful predictions, which may be more detailed than the original ranges. Results also highlight the possibility of using the data from manually georeferenced archival sources in reconstructions aimed at establishing species’ ecological niches. We discuss possible applications of those data and associated problems. For the evaluation of models, we suggest employing AUC, MAE, and Bias. We show an example of how AUC and MAE may be combined to select the model with the best performance.
|Journal series||Scientific Reports, ISSN 2045-2322, (N/A 140 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.7|
|License||Journal (articles only); published final; ; with publication|
|Score||= 140.0, 25-01-2021, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 0; : 2016 = 1.401; : 2019 = 3.998 (2) - 2019=4.576 (5)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.