Enhancing isoprenoid synthesis in Yarrowia lipolytica by expressing the isopentenol utilization pathway and modulating intracellular hydrophobicity
Zhengshan Luo , Nian Liu , Zbigniew Lazar , Alkiviadis Chatzivasileiou , Valerie Ward , Jian Chen , Jingwen Zhou , Gregory Stephanopoulos
AbstractThe abundant supply of biosynthetic precursors and product compatibility with the intracellular environment play important roles for microbial isoprenoid production. In this study, we tailor to both of these requirements by introducing the two-step isopentenol utilization pathway (IUP) to augment the native pathway in the oleaginous yeast Yarrowia lipolytica. With shortcut access to the common isoprenoid precursor, isopentenyl pyrophosphate (IPP) and its isomer dimethylallyl pyrophosphate (DMAPP), IUP is capable of elevating IPP +DMAPP levels by 15.7-fold compared to the mevalonate pathway alone. The increase in IPP +DMAPP levels can directly lead to better isoprenoid synthesis, which is illustrated using lycopene as a model compound. Moreover, we also demonstrate that higher lipid contents in the cells correlate with improved intracellular lycopene production, suggesting the importance of having a substantial hydrophobic environment to sequester isoprenoids. Combining these strategies with further genetic and fermentation optimizations, we achieved a final lycopene titer of 4.2 g/ L. Overall, these strategies hold great potential for strengthening the synthesis of long-chain isoprenoids and fat- soluble natural products in microbes.
|Journal series||Metabolic Engineering, ISSN 1096-7176, e-ISSN 1096-7184, (N/A 140 pkt)|
|Keywords in English||Isopentenol utilization pathway, Prenyl phosphates, Isoprenoid sequestration, Lipid kontent, Lycopene, Yarrowia lipolytica|
|ASJC Classification||; ;|
|Score||= 140.0, 10-02-2021, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 0; = 6; : 2016 = 1.864; : 2019 = 7.263 (2) - 2019=7.507 (5)|
|Citation count*||14 (2021-05-08)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.