Preliminary reference values for electrocardiography, echocardiography and myocardial morphometry in the European brown hare (Lepus europaeus)
Agnieszka Noszczyk-Nowak , Józef Nicpoń , Marcin Nowak , Piotr Sławuta
AbstractThe study aimed at defining reference values for electrocardiographic ( ECG) and echocardiographic parameters as well as macroscopic dimensions of the heart and microscopic dimensions of cardiomyocytes in the European brown hare. The studies were conducted on 30 adult, clinically healthy hares of either sex caught in Poland. ECG and echocardiography were performed supravitally on anaesthetized hares. After euthanasia, gross and microscopic myocardial and cardiomyocyte dimensions were determined. Heart rate amounted to 140 +/- 37.5 beats/min, the leading rhythm involved the sinus rhythm. P wave time was 26 +/- 5 ms, PQ time was 80 ms, QRS time was 29 +/- 3.5 ms, and ST was 97.5 +/- 7 ms. Echocardiography determined a left ventricular wall end-diastolic diameter of 8.6 +/- 2.0 mm and an intraventricular septum end-diastolic diameter of 5.75 +/- 1.0 mm. The thickness of the interventricular septum corresponded to that of the free wall of the left ventricle, a finding consistent with physiological hypertrophy. Preliminary reference values were established for echocardiography. The findings were similar to those obtained at necropsy. The ECG and echocardiographic studies represent the first supravital examination of cardiac function in the hare. The obtained results illustrate adaptation of hare's myocardium to its mode of life. The cardiac findings resemble the athlete's heart syndrome described in humans. The findings may prove useful in further studies on the physiology of the cardio-vascular system in the hare.
|Journal series||Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica, ISSN 0044-605X, (A 30 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|License||Journal (articles only); published final; ; with publication|
|Publication indicators||= 10; = 8; : 2009 = 0.728; : 2009 = 1.0 (2) - 2009=1.268 (5)|
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