The structural effect of high intensity ultrasound on peritoneal tissue: a potential vehicle for targeting peritoneal metastases
Agata Mikołajczyk , Tanja Khosrawipour , Joanna Kulas , Paweł Migdał , Mohamed Arafkas , Jakub Nicpoń , Veria Khosrawipour
AbstractBackground: High-intensity ultrasound (HIUS) has been increasingly investigated as a possible tool in the treatment of multiple tumor entities. However, there is only little knowledge on the effect of HIUS on the peritoneum. This preliminary study aims to investigate HIUS’ potential for altering the peritoneal surface and potentially improving current treatments for peritoneal metastases. For this purpose, HIUS’ qualitative and quantitative structural effects on the peritoneal tissue were analyzed by means of light, fluorescence and electron microscopy. Methods: Proportional sections were cut from the fresh postmortem swine peritoneum. Peritoneal surfaces were covered with a 6 mm thick liquid film of 0.9% NaCl. HIUS was applied in all tissue samples for 0 (control), 30, 60, 120 and 300 s. Peritoneal tissues were analyzed using light-, fluorescence and electron microscopy to detect possible structural changes within the tissues. Results: Following HIUS, a superficial disruption of peritoneal tissue was visible in light microscopy, which amplified with increased time of HIUS’ application. Fluorescence microscopy showed both peritoneal and subperitoneal disruption with tissue gaps. Electron microscopy revealed structural filamentation of the peritoneal surface. Conclusion: Our data indicate that HIUS causes a wide range of effects on the peritoneal tissue, including the formation of small ruptures in both peritoneal and subperitoneal tissues. However, according to our findings, these disruptions are limited to a microscopical level. Further studies are required to evaluate whether HIUS application can benefit current therapeutic regimens on peritoneal metastases and possibly enhance the efficacy of intraperitoneal chemotherapy.
|Journal series||BMC Cancer, ISSN 1471-2407, (N/A 100 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Keywords in English||Ultrasound, Drug penetration, Peritoneal metastasis, Chemotherapy, Peritoneum|
|ASJC Classification||; ;|
|License||Journal (articles only); published final; ; with publication|
|Score||= 100.0, 10-05-2021, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 3; = 3; : 2018 = 1.015; : 2018 = 2.933 (2) - 2018=3.424 (5)|
|Citation count*||3 (2021-05-09)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.