Boar genotype as a factor shaping age-related changes in semen parameters and reproduction longevity simulations
Damian Knecht , Anna Jankowska-Mąkosa , Kamil Duziński
AbstractThe aim of this study was a detailed analysis of the boar genotypes used in AI stations with an indication of their production capacity, including age and a precise analysis of their culling time and reason. The study included 334 boars: 81 Polish Large White (PLW), 108 Polish Landrace (PL), 49 Pietrain (P), 56 Duroc x Pietrain (D x P) and 40 Hampshire x Pietrain (H x P). Semen volume, spermatozoa concentration, total number of spermatozoa, number of motile spermatozoa, and number of insemination doses were analyzed. Quadratic regression was used to illustrate the selected sperm parameters at specific ages. Among all the studied boars the lowest motilities of spermatozoa were identified in white breeds PLW and PL, and the difference between motility extremes was 3.53% (P <= 0.01). The highest number of insemination doses were produced from D x P crossbreed boars: about 0.7 portions more compared to PL, 1.13 to PLW, 1.18 to H x P and 1.8 to P (all differences P <= 0.01). It has been shown in the case of ejaculate volume that for PLW and H x P boars the culling moment was far too early in terms of production capacity and differences were, respectively, 1635 ml for PLW and 12.61 ml for H x P. Based on the developed regression equations, the earliest maximum number of motile sperm (73.82 x 10(9)) was obtained by H x P crossbreed boars as early as at age 24 months. The highest values for this parameter were achieved, however, by other D x P crossbreed boars: 7430 x 10(9) at the later age of 32 months. A consequence of the high number of motile sperm in young H x P boars was that the theoretical maximum value of the number of AI doses was produced as early as the 14th month (25.59 portions). Curves of similar shape were obtained for PL and D x P boars; the difference in maximal values was 0.54 portions in favor of crossbreeds, at a later age of 7 months. It was noted that for PLW and D x P boars the highest number of cullings were due to reduced demand (24.47% and even 31.19 respectively). Other boars - PL, P and H x P - were most frequently culled because of low semen values. Regardless of the genotype, high survival probabilities (over 0.96) were noted for the age of 12 months. The highest probabilities (still over 0.96) were noted in the longest time period (up to 18 months) for P boars. The results of our study can be used in AI stations as reference points for the exploitation and culling of boars with different genotypes. (C) 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
|Journal series||Theriogenology, ISSN 0093-691X, (A 35 pkt)|
|Keywords in English||Boar; Genotype; Reproductive longevity; Semen quality|
|ASJC Classification||; ; ;|
|Score||= 35.0, 21-07-2020, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 3; = 4; : 2017 = 1.338; : 2017 = 2.136 (2) - 2017=2.209 (5)|
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