Regulatory B cells with IL‐35 and IL‐10 expression in a normal and abortion‐prone murine pregnancy model
Anna Sławek , Daria Lorek , Anna Ewa Kędzierska , Anna Chełmońska-Soyta
AbstractProblem: Interleukin 35 is a relatively newly discovered cytokine that is produced by regulatory B cells (Bregs) and contributes to their suppressive function, which may contribute to fetal tolerance development and pregnancy maintenance. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the frequency of Bregs and expression of IL-35 and IL-10 in these cells in a normal and abortion-prone murine pregnancy model. Methods of study: The frequency of Bregs and expression level of IL-35 and IL-10 in these cells were measured in peripheral blood, uterine draining lymph nodes, uterus, and decidua using flow cytometry. The analysis was performed on days 3 and 14 of pregnancy in normal mice (CBA/JxBALB/c) and abortion-prone (CBA/JxDBA/2J) murine pregnancy model. Results: A decreased percentage of Breg cells expressing IL-35 on day 3 of pregnancy in the uterine draining lymph nodes and in peripheral blood in mice from the abortion group compared with the normal pregnancy group was observed. A similar decrease was also observed in the Breg cells population producing IL-10 in peripheral blood. In the uterus (3 dpc) and decidua (14 dpc), a lower percentage of CD19+IL-35+ was also noted in the abortion-prone model. Conclusion: We indicated that the early stages of abortion-prone pregnancy (3 dpc) in mice were characterized by diminished frequency of B cells producing IL-35 at both local and peripheral levels. These results and the observed lower level of IL-35 in women suffering from recurrent spontaneous abortion suggest that IL-35 may be involved in the maintenance of pregnancy.
|Journal series||American Journal of Reproductive Immunology, ISSN 1046-7408, e-ISSN 1600-0897, (N/A 100 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Keywords in English||abortion-prone, interleukin 35, maintenance of pregnancy, regulatory B cells|
|ASJC Classification||; ; ;|
|Score||= 100.0, 17-12-2020, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 2; = 1; : 2018 = 0.847; : 2019 = 2.739 (2) - 2019=3.173 (5)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.