Serum symmetric dimethylarginine concentration in healthy horses and horses with acute kidney injury
Natalia Siwińska , Agnieszka Żak , Malwina Słowikowska , Artur Niedźwiedź , Urszula Pasławska
AbstractBackground: There are limited options to diagnose acute kidney injury (AKI) in horses. Symmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA) is routinely used in human and small animal medicine. The aim of this study was to assess serum SDMA concentrations in healthy horses and horses with AKI. The objective of this study was to evaluate the association of: 1) age, 2) sex, 3) body weight and 4) serum creatinine and urea levels on serum SDMA concentrations. Fifty-three healthy horses, including 17 foals (2–6 months of age) and 36 adult horses (3–29 years of age), and 23 horses with AKI were included in the study based on history, physical examination, blood analysis, urinalysis and an ultrasonographic examination of the urinary tract. Serum SDMA concentrations were measured using a non-species specific commercial ELISA test. Results: In healthy adult horses, the value of SDMA was 0.53 ± 0.14 μmol/L. The value was higher in foals (1.5 ± 0.4 μmol/L,P < 0.001). Horses with AKI had significantly higher concentrations of SDMA compared to healthy horses (1.76 ± 1.05 μmol/L,P < 0.001). In the healthy adult horses, there was no association of sex, age or body weight on SDMA. However, a significant positive relationship was found between serum creatinine and SDMA concentrations. Conclusions: Healthy adult horses had SDMA values similar to those of other species. Foals had higher SDMA values. Therefore, different reference values should be created for them. The study confirmed an increased SDMA in horses with AKI. This, as well as the low influence of extrarenal factors on the SDMA values, may confirm its usefulness in the diagnosis of kidney dysfunction. Higher SDMA values may also indicate a more advanced degree of kidney dysfunction. Further research is required to determine whether SDMA could be used to detect kidney dysfunction in the asymptomatic stage of AKI.
|Journal series||BMC Veterinary Research, ISSN 1746-6148, (N/A 140 pkt)|
|Keywords in English||SDMA range, Kidney disease, Kidney failure, Renal diagnostics, Renal biomarker|
|License||Journal (articles only); published final; ; with publication|
|Score||= 140.0, 28-04-2021, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 1; = 1; : 2018 = 1.026; : 2018 = 1.792 (2) - 2018=2.12 (5)|
|Citation count*||1 (2021-05-11)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.