B-Mode and Doppler Ultrasonographic Findings of Prostate Gland and Testes in Dogs Receiving Deslorelin Acetate or Osaterone Acetate
Wojciech Niżański , Małgorzata Ochota , Christelle Fontaine , Joanna Pasikowska
AbstractThis article presents B-mode and color Doppler imaging of the prostate and testes in dogs suffering from benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH), and receiving deslorelin acetate (SuprelorinTM) or osaterone acetate (YpozaneTM). The study was planned as a controlled clinical trial, dogs were divided into negative control (healthy dogs, n = 10), positive control (dogs with BPH, n = 10), and study groups, III (n = 15), receiving deslorelin acetate (DA), and IV (n = 10), receiving osaterone acetate (OA). The B-mode appearance of the prostate parenchyma improved in all investigated dogs from the DA group, and in 60% of OA dogs. Prostate volume was reduced more quickly with OA (from D14), but lasting for a shorter time (on average up to week 20), compared to DA that reduced the prostate volume more slowly (>8 weeks), but the reduction remained longer (>24 weeks). The systolic peak velocity (SPV) and mean velocity (Vmean) were higher in all dogs diagnosed with BPH, compared to Control Group I. The indices did not change in both Control Groups I and II, whereas in study Groups III and IV they decreased throughout the study period compared to day 0 and Control Group II. In Group III the highest reduction was noted from day 21 to week 8, whereas in Group IV the lowest Vmean was recorded before day 21. Testicular parenchyma and volume changed significantly in Group III receiving DA, and the velocity of blood flow in the testicular artery correlated positively with testicular volume only in this group (III). The present study proved the usefulness of B-mode and color Doppler US imaging techniques for diagnosis and progress assessment of dogs suffering from BPH. The blood flow kinetics (mainly SPV) demonstrated a time association between the blood flow changes registered in the prostatic artery, and the subsequent volumetric and sonographic improvement of the prostate parenchyma. The reduction in flow indices was noted prior to the reduction in prostate volume, suggesting that the sonographic recovery of the prostate tissue, occurs secondarily to the regression of the prostate vascular system. Both investigated medications (osaterone acetate and deslorelin acetate) led to a significant sonographic improvement. Deslorelin acetate reduced prostate volume more slowly, but its effect lasted longer than for osaterone acetate.
|Journal series||Animals, ISSN 2076-2615, e-ISSN 2076-2615, (N/A 100 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||1.15|
|Keywords in English||dog, prostate, benign prostatic hyperplasia, ultrasound|
|License||Journal (articles only); published final; ; with publication|
|Score||= 100.0, 20-04-2021, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 0; = 0; : 2018 = 1.148; : 2019 = 2.323 (2)|
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