Changes in diabetes prevalence and corresponding risk factors - findings from 3- and 6-year follow-up of PURE Poland cohort study
Katarzyna Zatońska , Alicja Basiak-Rasała , Dorota Różańska , Maciej Karczewski , Maria Wołyniec , Andrzej Szuba , Katarzyna Połtyn-Zaradna
AbstractBackground: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is one of the greatest challenges for public health worldwide. The aim of the study was the analysis of diabetes development in participants with normoglycemia and Impaired Fasting Glucose (IFG) in 3-year and 6-year follow-up of PURE Poland cohort study. Methods: The analysis was conducted in Polish cohort enrolled into Prospective Urban and Rural Epidemiology (PURE) Study. The following study presents results of 1330 participants that have partaken both in the baseline study, in 3-year and in the 6-year follow up. The analysis of the impact of risk factors on diabetes development was performed using multivariate Cox frailty analysis. Population Attributable Risk (PAR) was computed individually for every risk factor. Results: Diabetes prevalence increased from 17.7% at baseline to 23.98% in 3-year- and 28.27% in 6-year follow-up. The risk of diabetes was higher in participants with obesity [HR = 5.7, 95%Cl 2,56-12,82], overweight [HR = 3.4, 95%Cl 1,56-7,54] and IFG [HR = 2.7, 95%Cl 1,87-3,85]. The risk of diabetes development was almost 2-fold higher in men than in women [HR = 1.826; 95%CI =1,24 - 2,69]. In 6 years, diabetes developed in 23.8% of participants with IFG and 7.9% of participants with normoglycemia. According to PAR, overweight and obesity accounted for 80.8%, hypertension for 67.6% and IFG for 38.3% of diabetes cases in our population. Conclusions: Our study reveals alarming increase in prevalence of diabetes during 6 years of observation. In our population, most diabetes cases can be attributed to overweight, obesity, hypertension and IFG. Findings add strong rationale to implement targeted preventive measures in population of high risk.
|Journal series||BMC Public Health, ISSN 1471-2458, (N/A 100 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Keywords in English||Diabetes, PURE, IFG, Cohort, Longitudina|
|License||Journal (articles only); published final; ; with publication|
|Score||= 100.0, 15-09-2020, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 0; = 0; : 2018 = 1.342; : 2018 = 2.567 (2) - 2018=3.275 (5)|
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