Effect of phytohaemagglutinin-P on apoptosis and necrosis in Trichinella spiralis infected mice
Jolanta Piekarska , Marianna Szczypka , Bożena Obmińska-Mrukowicz , Michał Gorczykowski
AbstractFlow cytometry analyses were used to evaluate the contribution of apoptotic and necrotic lymphocytes in the selected organs of Trichinella spiralis infected mice treated with phytohaemagglutinin-P (PHA-P). The Tunnel method was used to examine apoptosis in a cryostat section from the jejunum and masseter muscle. CFW mice (Groups I and II) were infected with 200 larvae of T. spiralis. PHA-P was administered intravenously at a dose of 10 mg/kg 24 h prior to infection in Group II mice only. Group III mice were treated with PHA-P without T. spiralis infection, and Group IV mice were untreated controls. The lymphocytes obtained from the spleen, mesenteric lymph nodes (MLN) and muscular inflammatory infiltration on 7, 14, 21, 28, 35, 42 and 60 days post infection (DPI) were incubated with the Annexin-V-Fluos Staining Kit (Roche). The cryostat preparation made from the jejunum and masseter muscle was evaluated using a fluorescence microscope. PHA-P administration stimulated apoptosis in the jejunal mucosa and in the muscular inflammatory infiltration. In Group I mice, infected with T. spiralis only, the highest percentage of apoptotic cells was found on 7 DPI in the spleen and in MLN, and on 14 DPI among the cells of the muscular inflammatory infiltration. The peak of the necrotic lymphocytes was found on 7 DPI in the spleen, on 28 DPI in MLN, and on 21 DPI in the cells of muscular inflammatory infiltration. In Group II mice, infected with T. spiralis and treated with PHA-P, the peak in apoptotic cells occurred on 7 DPI in the spleen and in the muscular inflammatory infiltration. The highest level of necrotic lymphocytes was observed only on 7 DPI in the muscular inflammatory infiltration. Percentage of necrotic lymphocytes in the spleen was the same and in MLN it was lower than in Group I (T. spiralis only). Moreover, the number of muscle larvae in mice treated with PHA-P (Group II) was lower than in Group I (T. spiralis only).
|Journal series||Veterinary Parasitology, ISSN 0304-4017, e-ISSN 1873-2550, (A 40 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Keywords in English||Apoptosis; CFW mice; Necrosis; Trichinella spiralis|
|ASJC Classification||; ;|
|Publication indicators||= 6; = 6; : 2014 = 1.421; : 2009 = 2.278 (2) - 2009=2.432 (5)|
|Citation count*||7 (2020-07-03)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.