Mercury accumulation in the surface layers of mountain soils: A case study from the Karkonosze Mountains, Poland
Katarzyna Szopka , Anna Karczewska , Cezary Kabała
AbstractThe study was aimed to examine total concentrations and pools of Hg in surface layers of soils in the Karkonosze Mountains, dependent on soil properties and site locality. Soil samples were collected from a litter layer and the layers 0-10cm and 10-20cm, at 68 sites belonging to the net of a monitoring system, in two separate areas, and in three altitudinal zones: below 900m, 900-1100m, and over 1100m. Air-borne pollution was the major source of mercury in soils. Hg has accumulated mainly in the litter (where its concentrations were the highest), and in the layer 0-10cm. Hg concentrations in all samples were in the range 0.04-0.97mgkg-1, with mean values 0.38, 0.28, and 0.14mgkg-1 for litter and the layers 0-10cm and 10-20cm, respectively. The highest Hg concentrations in the litter layer were found in the intermediate altitudinal zone, whereas Hg concentrations in the layer 0-10cm increased with increasing altitude. Soil quality standard for protected areas (0.50mgkg-1) was exceeded in a few sites. The pools of Hg accumulated in soils were in the range: 0.8-84.8mgm-2, with a mean value of 16.5mgm-2, and they correlated strongly with the pools of stored organic matter.
|Journal series||Chemosphere, ISSN 0045-6535, e-ISSN 1879-1298, (A 40 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Keywords in English||Altitude; Karkonosze; Mercury; Mountain soils; Organic matter|
|ASJC Classification||; ;|
|Publication indicators||= 35; = 37; : 2011 = 1.512; : 2011 = 3.206 (2) - 2011=3.613 (5)|
|Citation count*||50 (2020-08-05)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.