Characterization of hexose transporters in Yarrowia lipolytica reveals new groups of Sugar Porters involved in yeast growth
Zbigniew Lazar , Cécile Neuvéglise , Tristan Rossignol , Hugo Devillers , Nicolas Morin , Małgorzata Robak , Jean-Marc Nicaud , Anne-Marie Crutz-Le Coq
AbstractSugar assimilation has been intensively studied in the model yeast S. cerevisiae, and for two decades, it has been clear that the homologous HXT genes, which encode a set of hexose transporters, play a central role in this process. However, in the yeast Yarrowia lipolytica, which is well-known for its biotechnological applications, sugar assimilation is only poorly understood, even though this yeast exhibits peculiar intra-strain differences in fructose uptake: some strains (e.g., W29) are known to be slow-growing in fructose while others (e.g., H222) grow rapidly under the same conditions. Here, we retrieved 24 proteins of the Sugar Porter family from these two strains, and determined that at least six of these proteins can function as hexose transporters in the heterologous host Saccharomyces cerevisiae EBY.VW4000. Transcriptional studies and deletion analysis in Y. lipolytica indicated that two genes, YHT1 and YHT4, are probably the main players in both strains, with a similar role in the uptake of glucose, fructose, and mannose at various concentrations. The other four genes appear to constitute a set of ‘reservoir’ hexose transporters with an as-yet unclear physiological role. Furthermore, through examining Sugar Porters of the entire Yarrowia clade, we show that they constitute a dynamic family, within which hexose transport genes have been duplicated and lost several times. Our phylogenetic analyses support the existence of at least three distinct evolutionary groups of transporters which allow yeasts to grow on hexoses. In addition to the well-known and widespread Hxt-type transporters (which are not essential in Y. lipolytica), we highlight a second group of transporters, represented by Yht1, which are phylogenetically related to sensors that play a regulatory role in S. cerevisiae, and a third group, represented by Yht4, previously thought to contain only high-affinity glucose transporters related to Hgt1of Kluyveromyces lactis.
|Journal series||Fungal Genetics and Biology, ISSN 1087-1845, (A 35 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.55|
|Keywords in English||Yeasts; Sugar uptake; Fructose metabolism; Hexose sensor; Evolution; MFS transporters|
|Internal identifier||63077; PX-59257fc1d5de4d7daa957e4e|
|License||Journal (articles only); published final; ; with publication|
|Score||= 35.0, 23-09-2020, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 9; = 9; : 2017 = 1.179; : 2017 = 3.476 (2) - 2017=3.175 (5)|
|Citation count*||21 (2020-09-29)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.