Seroepidemiology of human toxocariasis in selected population groups in Slovakia: A cross-sectional study
Miroslava Fecková , Daniela Antolová , Grzegorz Zaleśny , Monika Halánová , Gabriela Štrkolcová , Mária Goldová , Tatiana Weissová , Branislav Lukáč , Mária Nováková
AbstractBackground Human toxocariasis is a cosmopolitan helminthic zoonosis caused by roundworms of the genus Toxocara. The study aimed at a cross-sectional analysis of seropositivity to Toxocara spp. in selected groups of population in Slovakia and an estimate of the risk factors of infection. Methods For the detection of anti-Toxocara antibodies, an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) based on an excretory–secretory (E/S) antigen of Toxocara canis was used. Results The overall seropositivity to Toxocara in 1489 evaluated sera was 3.7%. The seropositivity of Roma children/young people (40.3%) was significantly higher when compared with all other analysed groups. Among adult respondents, the positivity of farmers and hunters (5.5% and 5.1%, respectively) was significantly higher (p < 0.001) than in the other analysed groups (veterinarians and veterinary assistants, soldiers, students of veterinary medicine, and students of other universities). Analysis of infection risk factors showed that living in a rural locality, everyday contact with soil, and everyday outdoor activities (12.7%, 8.8% and 8.3% positivity, respectively) can increase the risk of infection, but the observed differences were not significant. Conclusion The results underline the importance of preventive measures and the need for improving of knowledge of toxocariasis among professionals, as well as the public.
|Journal series||Journal of Infection and Public Health, ISSN 1876-0341, e-ISSN 1876-035X, (N/A 70 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Keywords in English||Toxocara spp., Larval toxocariasis, Seroprevalence, Risk factors, Slovakia|
|ASJC Classification||; ;|
|License||Journal (articles only); published final; ; with publication|
|Score||= 70.0, 03-08-2020, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||: 2018 = 1.048; : 2018 = 2.487 (2) - 2018=2.265 (5)|
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