Variability and role of long-wave radiation fluxes in the formation of net radiation and thermal features of grassy and bare soil active surfaces in Wrocław
Krystyna Bryś , Tadeusz Bryś , Hanna Ojrzyńska , Marderos Ara Sayegh , Arkadiusz Głogowski
AbstractThe paper examines the variability of long-wave radiation fluxes in two contrasting types of urban active surfaces – grassy surface and surface without plants (bare soil) in Wrocław (Poland) within a 12-year period (August 2007–July 2019). The study used net radiation and heat balance formulas to calculate the share of individual radiation fluxes in these balances, and then utilized the Stefan-Boltzmann formula to calculate the effective temperatures of researched surfaces. The analysis showed the temporal variability of these fluxes against the background of weather and climatic conditions and in relation to the variability of short-wave radiation fluxes. The role of long-wave radiation fluxes in forming net radiation was examined in detail to show the buffering role of vegetation surfaces regarding the variability of solar radiation fluxes and their heat effects. The mean monthly values of outgoing long-wave radiation fluxes change from 309.0 W·m−2 for bare soil, 309.8 W·m−2 for grassy surface, and 288.8 W·m−2 for downward atmospheric radiation to respectively 435.8, 425.0 and 369.4 W·m−2 in July. The coefficient of variability for long-wave radiation daily fluxes are approximately one order of magnitude lower than for the short-wave radiation. The differences between values of long-wave radiation fluxes for bare soil and grassy surfaces vary from slight negative values in winter to relatively sizable positive values during the vegetation period (March–October). The weakening of the buffering effect for grassy surface and how air temperature then changes considerably compared to the effective temperature of the active surfaces were explained using the dry summer period of August 2015 as example. The obtained results are important, as they provide empirical arguments for urban planning to extend plant areas' share in big cities as well as to introduce there a friendly environmental system of irrigation in these areas using renewable solar energy.
|Journal series||Science of the Total Environment, ISSN 0048-9697, e-ISSN 1879-1026, (N/A 200 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.55|
|Keywords in English||Variability, Long-wave radiation fluxes, Net radiation, Active surface, Urban area, Buffer effect|
|ASJC Classification||; ; ;|
|License||Journal (articles only); author's original; ; before publication|
|Score||= 200.0, 20-04-2021, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 3; = 1; : 2016 = 1.849; : 2019 = 6.551 (2) - 2019=6.419 (5)|
|Citation count*||2 (2021-05-06)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.