Population Structure Analysis of Bull Genomes of European and Western Ancestry
Neo Christopher Chung , Joanna Szyda , Magdalena Frąszczak
AbstractSince domestication, population bottlenecks, breed formation, and selective breeding have radically shaped the genealogy and genetics of Bos taurus. In turn, characterization of population structure among diverse bull (males of Bos taurus) genomes enables detailed assessment of genetic resources and origins. By analyzing 432 unrelated bull genomes from 13 breeds and 16 countries, we demonstrate genetic diversity and structural complexity among the European/Western cattle population. Importantly, we relaxed a strong assumption of discrete or admixed population, by adapting latent variable models for individual-specific allele frequencies that directly capture a wide range of complex structure from genome-wide genotypes. As measured by magnitude of differentiation, selection pressure on SNPs within genes is substantially greater than that on intergenic regions. Additionally, broad regions of chromosome 6 harboring largest genetic differentiation suggest positive selection underlying population structure. We carried out gene set analysis using SNP annotations to identify enriched functional categories such as energy-related processes and multiple development stages. Our population structure analysis of bull genomes can support genetic management strategies that capture structural complexity and promote sustainable genetic breadth.
|Journal series||Scientific Reports, ISSN 2045-2322, (A 40 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Internal identifier||63172; PX-59366274d5defe17456d5dd7|
|License||Journal (articles only); published final; ; with publication|
|Score||= 40.0, 22-06-2020, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 2; = 2; : 2016 = 1.401; : 2017 = 4.122 (2) - 2017=4.609 (5)|
|Citation count*||9 (2020-09-24)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.